The Qibla

Al-Muwatta' of Imam Malik

by Imam Malik ibn Anas
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

14.0 The Qibla

14.1 The Prohibition against Relieving Oneself Facing the Qibla

1 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha that Rafi' ibn Ishaq, a mawla of the family of ash-Shifa' who was known as the mawla of Abu Talha, heard Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, one of the companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say while he was in Egypt, "By Allah! I don't know how to deal with these lavatories," the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, having said, "When you go to defecate or urinate, do not expose your genitals towards the qibla, and do not put your back to it."

2 Yahya related to me from Malik from one of the Ansar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade defecating or urinating while facing the qibla.

 

14.2 Permission to Face the Qibla when Urinating or Defecating

3 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id from Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Habban from his paternal uncle, Wasi' ibn Hibban, that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "People say, 'When you sit to relieve yourself, do not face the qibla or the Bayt al-Maqdis.'"

'Abdullah continued, "I went up on top of a house of ours and saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless hiim and grant him peace, (squatting) on two unfired bricks facing the Bayt al-Maqdis, relieving himself."

Ibn 'Umar added, "Perhaps you are one of those who pray folded on their haunches."

Wasi' replied, "I don't know, by Allah!"

Malik said that he meant someone who, when he prostrated, kept his body close to the ground.

 

14.3 The Prohibition against Spitting towards the Qibla

4 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw spittle on the wall of the qibla and scraped it off. Then he went up to the people and said, "Do not spit in front of you when you are praying, because Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, is in front of you when you pray."

[cf Bukhari 398]

5 Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn 'Urwa from his father from 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that the Prophet, may Allah bless and grant him peace, saw spittle, or mucus or phlegm, on the wall of the qibla and scraped it off.

[cf Bukhari 399]

 

14.4 About the Qibla

6 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Abdullah ibn Dinar that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "On one occasion when the people were praying Subh at Quba a man came to them and said, 'A piece of Qur'an was sent down to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, last night, and he was ordered to face the Ka'ba, so face it.' They had been facing Syria, so they turned round and faced the Ka'ba."

[cf Bukhari 395]

7 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that Sa'iid ibn al-Musayyab said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed towards the Bayt al-Maqdis for sixteen months after arriving in Madina. Then the qibla was changed two months before the battle of Badr."

8 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, "Any direction that is between East and West can be taken as a qibla if the person praying is face-on to the House."

 

14.5 The Mosque of the Prophet

9 Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Rabah and 'Ubaydullah ibn Abi 'Abdullah Salman al-Agharr from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A prayer in this mosque of mine is better than a thousand prayers in any other mosque, except the Masjid al-Haram (in Makka)."

10 Yahya related to me from Malik from Khubayb ibn 'Abd ar-Rahman from Hafs ibn 'Asim from Abu Hurayra or from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "What is between my house and my minbar is one of the meadows of the Garden, and my mnbar is on my watering-place (al-Hawd)."

11 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr from 'Abbad ibn Tamim from 'Abdullah ibn Zayd al-Mazini that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "What is between my house and my minbar is one of the meadows of the Garden."

 

14.6 Women Going Out to the Mosque

12 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Do not forbid the female slaves of Allah from (going into) the mosques of Allah.'"

[cf Bukhari 858]

13 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard from Busr ibn Sa'id that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "None of you women should use perfume when you attend the 'Isha' prayer."

[In Muslim]

14 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that 'Atika bint Zayd ibn 'Amr ibn Nufayl, the wife of 'Umar al-Khattab, used to ask 'Umar ibn al-Khattab for permission to go to the mosque. He would keep silent, so she would say, "By Allah, I will go out, unless you forbid me," and he did not forbid her.

15 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id from 'Amra bint 'Abd ar-Rahman that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had seen what women do now, he would have forbidden them to go into the mosques, just as the women of the tribe of Isra'il were forbidden."

Yahya ibn Sa'id said that he asked 'Amra, "Were the women of the tribe of Isra'il forbidden to go into the mosques?" and she replied, "Yes."