The Two 'Ids

Al-Muwatta' of Imam Malik

by Imam Malik ibn Anas
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

10.0 The Two 'Ids

10.1 Ghusl for the Two 'Ids, the Call to Prayer for Them, and the Iqama

1 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard more than one of their men of knowledge say, "There has been no adhan or iqama for the 'Id al-Fitr or the 'Id al-Adha since the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

[Related from Ibn 'Abbas and Jabir ibn 'Abdullah.

Malik said, "That is the sunna and there is no disagreement about it among us."

2 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar used to do ghusl on the day of Fitr before going to the place of prayer.

 

10.2 The Order to Pray Before the Khutba on the Two 'Ids

3 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray on the day of Fitr and the day of Adha before the khutba.

[cf. Bukhari 920]

4 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Abu Bakr and 'Umar used to do that.

5 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Abu 'Ubayd, the mawla of Ibn Azhar said, "I was present at one of the 'Ids with 'Umar ibn al-Khattab. He prayed, and then after he had prayed he gave a khutba to the people and said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade fasting on these two days - the day you break your fast (after Ramadan), and the day you eat from your sacrifice (after the Hajj).' "

Abu 'Ubayd continued, "Then I was present at one of the 'Ids with 'Uthman ibn 'Affan. me and prayed, and when he had finished he gave a khutba and said, 'Two 'ids have been joined together for you on this day of yours. If any of the people of al-'Aliyya (the hills outlying Madina) want to wait for the Jumu'a they can do so, and if any of them want to return, I have given them permission.'

Abu 'Ubayd continued, "Then I was present at an 'Id with 'Ali ibn Abi Talib (at the time when 'Uthman was being detained). He came and prayed, and then after he had prayed he gave a khutba."

[cf. Bukhari 1889]

 

10.3 The Order to Eat Before Going Out on the Morning of the 'Id

6 Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn 'Urwa from his father that he used to eat on the day of the 'Id al-Fitr before going out.

7 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Sa'id al-Musayyab told him that people used to be told to eat on the day of Fitr before setting out.

Malik said that he did not consider that people had to do that on the 'Id al-Adha.

 

10.4 The Takbirs and the Recitation in the Prayer of the Two 'Ids

8 Yahya related to me from Malik from Damra ibn Sa'id al-Mazini from 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Utba ibn Mas'ud that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab asked Abu Waqid al-Laythi what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to recite in the prayers of Adha and Fitr. He said, "He used to recite Surat Qaf (50) and Surat al-Inshiqaq (84)."

[In Muslim]

9 Yahya related to me from Malik that Nafi', the mawla of 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "I attended Adha and Fitr with Abu Hurayra and he said 'Allah is greater' seven times in the first rak'at, before the recitation, and five times in the second, before the recitation."

[In Abu Dawud]

Malik said, "That is the position with us."

Regarding a man who finds that people have finished the 'Id prayer, Malik said that he did not think that he had to pray either in the place where the prayer was performed nor in his house. If he does perform the prayer in the place or in his house, he did not see any harm in doing that. He says the takbir seven times in the first rak'at before the recitation and five times in the second before the recitation.

 

10.5 Refraining from Prayer Before and After the Two 'Id Prayers

10 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar did not pray either before the prayer or after it on the day of Fitr.

11 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab used to go to the place of prayer after praying Subh, and before the sun rose.

 

10.6 Permission to Pray Before and After the Two 'Id Prayers

12 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn al-Qasim that his father used to pray four rak'ats before he went to the place of prayer.

13 Yahya related to me from Hisham ibn 'Urwa that his father used to pray in the mosque on the day of Fitr before the prayer.

 

10.7 The Coming of the Imam on the Day of the 'Id and Waiting for the Khutba

14 Yahya related to me that Malik said, "The sunna concerning the time of prayer on the 'ids of Fitr and Adha - and there is no disagreement amongst us about it - is that the imam leaves his house and as soon as he has reached the place of prayer the prayer falls due."

Yahya said that Malik was asked whether a man who prayed with the imam could leave before the khutba, and he said, "He should not leave until the imam leaves."