Tahajjud

Al-Muwatta' of Imam Malik

by Imam Malik ibn Anas
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

7.0 Tahajjud

7.1 Concerning Prayer in the Night

1 Yahya related to me from Malik from Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir from Sa'id ibn al-Jubayr that a man who has approval (as a relater of hadith), told him that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If a man prays in the night and sleep overcomes him during it, Allah writes for him the reward of his prayer, and his sleep is sadaqa for him."

[In Abu Dawud and an-Nasa'i]

2 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'n-Nadr, the mawla of 'Umar ibn 'Ubaydullah, from Abu Salama ibn 'Abd ar-Rahman that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I used to sleep directly in front of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and my legs were in his qibla. When he prostrated, he would nudge me and I would pull up my legs. When he stood up, I stretched them out again." She added, "In those days there were no lamps in the houses."

[cf Bukhari 375]

3 Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn 'Urwa from his father from 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When one of you nods off while he is praying, he should go and lie down until he is no longer sleepy. If someone prays when he is drowsy, he may not know whether he is asking for forgiveness or asking for something bad for himself."

[cf Bukhari 209]

4 Yahya related to me from Malik from Isma'il from Ibn Abi Hakim that he had heard that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, heard a woman praying at night. He said, "Who is that?" and someone said to him, "It is al-Hawla bint Tuwayt. She does not sleep in the night." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, disapproved of that and his disapproval showed in his face. Then he said, "Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, does not become weary, but you become weary. Take on whatever is within your capability."

[al-Bukhari has it from 'A'isha]

5 Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from his father that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab used to pray as much as Allah willed in the night until at the end of the night he would wake his family for the prayer. He used to say to them, "The prayer, the prayer." Then he would recite the ayat, "Command your family to pray, and be constant in it. We do not ask you for provision. We provide for you. And the best end result is gained by taqwa." (20:132)

6 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab used to say, "Sleep is disapproved of before 'Isha' as is conversation after it."

7 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar used to say, "(Voluntary) prayer in both the day and night is two at a time with a taslim after every rak'at."

Malik said, "That is the custom among us."

 

7.2 How the Prophet Prayed the Witr

8 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr from 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray eleven rak'ats in the night, making them odd with a single one, and when he had finished he lay down on his right side.

[In Muslim]

9 Yahya related to me from Malik from Sa'id ibn Abi Sa'id al-Maqburi from Abu Salama ibn 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn 'Awf that he asked 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, what the prayer of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was like during Ramadan. She said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not exceed eleven rak'ats in Ramadan or at any other time. He prayed four - do not ask me about their beauty or length. Then he prayed another four - do not ask me about their beauty and length. Then he prayed three."

'A'isha continued, "I said, 'Messenger of Allah, do you sleep before you do the witr?' He said, 'A'isha, my eyes sleep but my heart does not sleep.' "

[cf Bukhari 1909]

10 Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn 'Urwa from his father that 'A'isha, Umm al-Muminin said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray thirteen rak'ats in the night and then would pray two rak'ats when he heard the adhan for the Subh prayer."

[In Muslim]

11 Yahya related to me from Malik from Makhrama ibn Sulayman from Kurayb, the mawla of Ibn 'Abbas, that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas told him that he had spent a night at the house of Maimuna, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who was also Ibn 'Abbas' mother's sister. Ibn 'Abbas said, "I lay down with my head on the breadth of the cushion, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his wife lay down with their heads on its length. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, slept, until, halfway through the night or a little before or after it, he awoke and sat up and wiped the sleep away from his face with his hand. Then he recited the last ten ayats of Sura Ali 'Imran (sura 3). Then he got up and went over to a water-skin which was hanging up and did wudu from it, doing his wudu' thoroughly, and then he stood in prayer."

Ibn 'Abbas continued, "I stood up and did the same and then went and stood by his side. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, put his right hand on my head and took my right ear and tweaked it. He prayed two rak'as, then two rak'ats, then two rak'ats, then two rak'ats, then two rak'ats, then two rak'ats, and then prayed an odd rak'at. Then he lay down until the mu'adhdhin came to him, and then prayed two quick rak'ats, and went out and prayed Subh."

[cf Bukhari 181]

12 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr from his father that 'Abdullah ibn Qays ibn Makhrama told him that Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhani said one night that he had gone to observe the prayer of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He said, "I rested my head on his threshold. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up and prayed two long, long, long rak'ats. Then he prayed two rak'ats which were slightly less long than the two before them. Then he prayed two rak'ats which were slightly less long than the two before them. Then he prayed two rak'ats which were slightly less long than the two before them. Then he prayed two rak'ats which were slightly less long than the two before them. Then he prayed two rak'ats which were slightly less long than the two before them. Then he prayed an odd rak'at, making thirteen rak'ats in all."

[In Muslim]

 

7.3 The Command to Pray the Witr

13 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' and 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that a man asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about night prayers. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Night prayers are two by two, and when you are afraid that dawn is approaching, then pray one rak'at as witr to make what you have prayed odd."

[cf Bukhari 946]

14 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id from Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Habban from Ibn Muhayriz that a man from the Kinana tribe called al-Mukhdaji heard a man in Syria known as Abu Muhammad saying, "The witr is obligatory (fard)." Al-Mukhdaji said, "I went to 'Ubada ibn as-Samit and presented myself to him as he was going to the mosque, and told him what Abu Muhammad had said. 'Ubada said that Abu Muhammad had lied and that he had heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Allah the Majestic and Mighty has written five prayers for mankind, and whoever does them and does not waste anything of them by making light of what is due to them, there is a pact for him with Allah that He will admit him into the Garden. Whoever does not do them, there is no pact for him with Allah. If He wishes, He punishes him, and if He wishes, He admits him into the Garden.' "

[In Abu Dawud, an-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah]

15 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Bakr ibn 'Umar that Sa'id ibn Yasar said, "I was travelling with 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar on the road to Makka, and fearing that it was nearly dawn I dismounted, prayed the witr and then caught up with him. 'Abdullah said, 'Do you not have a good enough example in the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' I said, 'Of course, by Allah!' He said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray the witr on his camel.'"

[cf Bukhari 954]

16 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab said, "Abu Bakr as-Siddiq used to pray the witr when he wished to go to bed, and 'Umar ibn al-Khattab used to pray the witr at the end of the night. As for me, I pray the witr when I go to bed."

17 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that a man asked 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar whether the witr was obligatory and 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar replied, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed the witr, and the Muslims prayed the witr." The man began repeating his question, and 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar kept saying, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed the witr, and the Muslims prayed the witr."

18 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, "If someone fears that he will sleep through till the morning, let him pray the witr before he goes to sleep, and if someone hopes to wake for the last part of the night, let him delay his witr."

19 Yahya related to me from Malik that Nafi' said, "I was with 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar in Makka. The sky was clouded over and 'Abdullah was worried that dawn was approaching so he prayed one rak'a for witr. Then the clouds cleared and he saw that it was still night, so he made his prayers even by praying one rak'a. Then he continued to pray two rak'ats at a time until, fearing that dawn was approaching, he prayed one rak'a for witr."

20 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar used to say the taslim between the two rak'as and the one rak'a of witr so that he could ask for something he needed.

21 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas used to pray witr after 'Isha' with one rak'a.

Malik said, "This is not the practice with us. Rather three is the minimum for witr."

22 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Abdullah ibn Dinar that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar used to say, "The Maghrib prayer is the witr of the daytime prayers."

Malik said, "If someone prays the witr at the beginning of the night and goes to sleep and then wakes up and it seems good to him to pray, let him pray - two rak'ats at a time. That is what I like most of what I have heard."

 

7.4 Praying the Witr After The Break of Dawn

23 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Abd al-Karm ibn Abi'l-Mukhariq al-Basri from Sa'id ibn Jubayr that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas went to sleep, and when he woke up, he said to his servant, "Go and see what the people have done," (by that time his sight had gone.) The servant went out and returned saying, "The people have left from Subh," so 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas got up and prayed the witr and then prayed Subh.

24 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas and 'Ubada ibn as-Samit and al-Qasim ibn Muhammad and 'Abdullah ibn 'Amir ibn Rabi'a had all prayed the witr after the break of dawn.

25 Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn 'Urwa from his father that 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud said, "I do not mind if the iqama for the Subh prayer is called while I am still praying the witr."

26 Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Sa'id said, "'Ubada ibn as-Samit used to lead the people in prayer. One day he came out for Subh and the mu'adhdhin began to give the iqama for the Subh prayer. 'Ubada silenced him, prayed the witr and then led them in Subh."

27 Yahya related to me from Malik that 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn al-Qasim said, "I heard 'Abdullah ibn 'Amir ibn Rabi'a say, 'I sometimes pray the witr while hearing the iqama or after the break of dawn.'" 'Abd ar-Rahman was not certain which he said.

28 Malik related to me that 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn al-Qasim heard his father, al-Qasim ibn Muhammad, say, "I have prayed the witr after dawn."

Malik said, "Only a person who oversleeps so that he has not done the witr prays it after dawn. No one should intentionally do his witr after dawn."

 

7.5 The Two Rak'ats of Fajr

29 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that Hafsa, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told him that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray two quick rak'as after the mu'adhdhin had finished the adhan for the Subh prayer before the iqama was said for the prayer.

[cf Bukhari 593. Also in Muslim]

30 Malik related to me from Yahya ibn Sa'id that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray the two rak'as of the dawn (fajr) so quickly that I would ask myself whether he had recited the Umm al-Qur'an or not.'"

[al-Bukhari (with a connected isnad) and Muslim)

31 Yahya related to me from Malik from Sharik ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Namir that Abu Salama ibn 'Abd ar-Rahman said, "Some people heard the iqama and started to pray. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came out and said, 'Are you doing two prayers at the same time? Are you doing two prayers at the same time?' That was about the Subh prayer and the two rak'ats before Subh."

32 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar missed the two rak'as of dawn and then prayed them after the sun had risen.

33 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn al-Qasim that al-Qasim ibn Muhammad had done the same as Ibn 'Umar.