Idhtiba' and Ramal During Tawaf
The practices of Tawaf so far mentioned are equally necessary for the observers of every kind of Tawaf, whether it may be a Tawaf of Umra or a Tawaf of Hajj and similarly its observer may be a Mufrid or a Qarin or a Mutamatte. It may be a Wajib Tawaf or 'Sunnat' or 'Nafl'. But the Tawaf wherein you have to observe Sa'i between Safa and Marwah requires you to perform two more practices :-
Firstly the Idhtiba, that is, you are to put the upper sheet of your Ihram on your left shoulder; taking it through your right armpit. In Tawaf followed by Sa'i, Idhtiba is Sunnat only for males from the very beginning upto the end. But at the tine of saying two Rak'ats of Tawaf the sheet is to cover both your shoulders as usual (Zubda). The second practice is that of 'Ramal' which is Sunnat in the first three circuits of Tawaf. The way of performing Ramal is to walk hurriedly with forceful and narrow paces while shaking the shoulders like a brave soldier going to battlefield. But he is not required to run. (Hayatul Qulob).
Rule Of Action
Idhtiba and Ramal both are Sunnat for males only. Females are exempted.
Rule Of Action
The first Tawaf performed by a Qarin or a Mutamatte will be treated as a Tawaf of Umra whereafter Sa'i of Umra becomes obligatory. As such, Idhtiba and Ramal are necessary for both of them, unlike a 'Mufrid' who wore Ihram' only for 'Hajj'. His first Tawaf will be treated as Tawaf-e-Qudom whereafter Sa'i for 'Hajj' is not necessary to be observed at that very time because he has the choice to perform Sa'i at that time or after Tawaf-e-Ziyarat on the 10th day of the Zilhijja. Anyhow, in case he desires to perform the Sa'i for Hajj with Tawaf-e-Qudom, He will also have to observe the Sunnat of Idhtiba and Ramal in his first Tawaf-e-Qudom. But it is preferable to perform Sa'i of Hajj after Tawaf-e-Ziyarat.