Abbreviations

Abbreviations

Arberry A. J. Arberry, The Koran Interpreted, i-ii, 1955.

Bell R. Bell, The Qur'an, i-ii, 1937

D.I. T. P. Hughes, A Dictionary of Islam, 2nd ed., 1896.

Dozy R. Dozy, Supplement aux Dictionnaires Arabes, i-ii, 1881.

E.I. Encyclopaedia of Islam.

G. Margaret Smith, al-Ghazali, The Mystic, 1944.

H. A. P. K. Hitti, History of the Arabs, 1937

H.I.P. C. Brockelmann, History of the Islamic Peoples, 1949

I. H. Ibn Hisham, (Cairo 1356/1937) i-iv. E. Tr. A. Guillaume, The Life of Muhammad, 1955

J. S. Ibn Sa'd, ed. E. Sachau et al., i-ix, 1905-28.

K. R. A. Nicholson, The Kashj al-Mahjub (of al-Hujwiri), 1911.

L. Ahmad b. 'Ali b. Hajar al-Asqalani, Lisan al-Mizan, Haydarabad, 1329-31/1911-13.

Lane E. W. Lane, An Arabic-English Lexicon, 1863-93.

L.H.A. R. A. Nicholson, A Literary History of the Arabs, 1930.

M. C. A. J. Wensinck, The Muslim Creed, 1932.

M.M. W. M. Watt, Muhammad at Mecca, 1953

M.T. D. B. MacDonald, Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence and Constitutional Theory, 1903.

Q. Qur'an.

R. R. A. J. Arberry, Revelation and Reason in Islam, 1957.

S. A. J. Arberry, Sufism, 1950.

T. Muhammad b. Ahmad, Tadhkira al-Huffaz, Haydarabad, 1333/ 1915.

Ta'rikh E. G. Browne, The Ta'rikh-i-Guzida, (of al-Qazwini) i-ii, 1910-I3.

T.T. Ahmad b. 'Ali b. Hajar al-Asgalani, Tahdhib at-Tahdhib, i-xii, Haydarabad, 1325-7/1907-9.

Wehr H. Wehr, Arabisches Worterbuch fur Die Schriftsprache Der Gegenwart, i-ii, 1952.

Wright W. Wright, A Grammar of the Arabic Language, 2nd ed., 1874-5.

Y. Yaqut b. `Abd Allah, al-Hamawi, Mu’jam al-Buldan, ed. F. Wustenfeld, i-vi, 1866-73.